Separation of Church and State Essay

Essay on Separation of church and state in US Constitution

America was not once overflowed by the waves of religious exaltation. So, the country passed through a religious splash, which got the name of Great awakening and uniting a few protestant flows in an attempt to overcome the complacency of instituated religion in 1740. Another Great awakening shook New England at the earliest stage of the XIX-th century.

Father-founders of the United States firmly trusted that religion had been an irreplaceable constituent in the system of republican self-government. The receiving of independence from royal power threw them down a challenge – how to lay in the citizens of the newly made country the sense base of the personal responsibility and at the same to provide a public peace in the conditions of self-government. Knowing the religiousness of the citizens, they appealed to religion and effluent from it rules of morality, I.e. morals, which would be the internal moral compass of citizens, making them to behave disciplined and, thus, to provide public peace and political stability. It was written by Thomas Jefferson on the 1-st of January 1802.

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Separation of church from the state was legislatively strengthened by the First amendment to the Constitution of the USA, where it was foreseen that Congress should not issue the laws, related to the establishment of religion or forbidding the freedom of conscience.

So, there is no any speech about separations in the constitution, but it contains unequivocal plain prohibition, concerning the state that it should not interfere in church deeds. Such washed off sense of the amendments is quite clear, because many migrants of those times come to the United States in order to avoid pursuits for the religious persuasions from the side of the governments.

Possibly, these obvious disparities will never succeed to be solved. As a matter of fact, they were born due to straining, which was already formulated by the First amendment. And one of the most delicate tasks, standings before officials in the USA, consists in the fact that they must equally avoid assertion, and restriction of some religion.

The words of the 1-st amendment, protecting the church from the state were substituted for a metaphor. It meant that there is the insuperable wall between the church and the state. The metaphor appeared for the first time in a reply letter by Jefferson to baptism community of the state in 1802. In the letter the community felicitated him on electing on the post of the US president, said of a compliment concerning his jealousy on a problem of religion freedom defense and expressed hopes on that he would not dare to usurp the role of Jehovah and he would not write the laws for a management of God’s empire. The metaphor is based on some religious concepts, which include the concept that religion concerns only a man and God, so people should not give an account to anybody about his religion. So it was a defense of religion freedom and conscience.

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