Essay on Baby Dumping

Baby dumping can take many forms, sometimes regulated, as is the case for anonymous delivery or safe-haven laws in some states in the United States, which allows the mother to give birth to a child in a hospital and legally, thereby reducing infant deaths. In this case, baby dumping out of this procedure is often penalized.

Some North African countries, including Morocco and Algeria, tolerate the practice of baby dumping, and established forms of anonymous accouchement, without them being formalized, in Morocco, such procedures implies the criminalization of the mother, similar to that of a prostitute.

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Historically, many ancient cultures have practiced the abandonment of newborns, the Greco-Roman mythology and the Hebrew Scriptures often refer to a form of this exhibition called infant exposure. Pater famillias Roman right of the father to life and death of his children was abolished in 374, the imperial law Lex Pompeia de parricidis prohibited infant exposure.

In France, infant exposure to the church doors, dates back to the fourth century. The first asylum for children was founded by the Bishop of Angers in the seventh century.

In Europe in the sixteenth century, abandonment falls into disuse with institutionalization (by the State, and Church, with foundation of The Foundling Hospital by Vincent de Paul in 1638) the collection of children. From the eighteenth century, the establishment of baby hatches (appeared in Italy in the fifteenth century) allowed mothers to abandon their children in safe places. In the early nineteenth century, the Catholic philanthropy sent orphans, juvenile delinquents, or abandoned children in agricultural settlements located near the penal colonies. In the mid-nineteenth century, from 25 to 30 000 children were abandoned each year in Europe, more than three million children were “exposed” in France, three or four times by the continent scale between 1750 and 1950.

Since not long ago in some European countries (Hungary, Sweden…), there are baby hatches (Babyklappen in Germany) installed at some health facilities for children. Children who have been dumped in the street or killed can be deposited discreetly in one of these hatches designed as incubators. Four hundred children have been recovered well in recent years.

This phenomenon of abandonment is due to several causes, taking either the economic inability of the mother to meet child needs, or psychological reasons, or social reasons of natural born children out of wedlock.

The main reasons for baby dumping are: pregnancy resulting from rape, poverty, homeless biological parents, young age of the biological parents, the discovery of a disabled child during pregnancy, religion.

Baby dumping is serious issue in the modern society, so it is very important to put all the efforts in studying the phenomenon from all possible aspects. To make this complex work easier, we recommend you to consult free sample essay topics on baby dumping.

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